TOPO-EUROPE - 4D Topography Evolution in Europe: Uplift, Subsidence and Sea Level Rise
stands for the geoscience of coupled deep Earth and surface processes, taking Europe and its continental margins as a natuarl laboratory. TOPO-EUROPE pursues an integrated solid Earth science approach, closely linking monitoring ans seismic imaging with reconstruction of the geological record and process modeling.
The CC aims to follow up on existing projects studying seismicity, the Main Himalayan Thrust (MHT), and lithospheric structure in the Himalaya, with particular focus on the Himalaya in Nepal and Bhutan. It will build on existing collaborations to exchange ideas and work together to address key research questions and insights.
Understanding of geodynamic processes and their evolution at all scales is important since it
provides useful insight on the interaction between crust and mantle dynamics, controlling
tectonic evolution of orogenic systems. Here, proposed ANATEC research project uses
Anatolia as a premier case study to test lithosphere evolution models because there is a vast
amount of information on the lithospheric and crustal structure of Anatolia as well as its
geological development. Nevertheless, proposed (mostly qualitative) geodynamical models
have been unable to explain several present day tectonic anomalies, and many of these have
not been tested against regional geological, geophysical and petrological observations. With
strong interdisciplinary connections, this ILP proposal will guide new tectonic modeling
strategies for frontier research on Anatolia at the geologic setting of a so-called “tectonic
crossroads”. Furthermore, by exploring Anatolia, we will be able to gain insights on surface
and crustal response to mantle dynamics for various geodynamic models (e.g slab break off,
tearing, subduction roll back) and their role in the evolution of geological processes, such as
seismicity, volcanism, plateau uplift and basin formation on a global perspective.
The Global Geo Transects programme will initiate and coordinate a series of projects aimed at
providing integrated geoscientific interpretation in corridors along strategically selected
The anticipated outcome will be a series of published fully interdisciplinary geotransects based
on the research dissemination of a series of research projects long each transect.
East Antarctica is the least investigated region of continental lithosphere on Earth. At
the heart of the former supercontinent of Gondwana, much of the landmass has yet to
be observed directly, and many terranes remain enigmatic under the cover of ice.
Although its location is remote from centres of human habitation, melt water from the
great ice sheets of East Antarctica will significantly impact sea level rise in low-lying
areas of many countries within a generation, and have a profound, extensive impact on
generations to come. The lithosphere, together with the oceans and atmosphere,
interacts with the ice sheets through feedbacks between coupled systems.
We propose to aid international programmes to combine their field, data-compilation,
and computer modelling activities, drawing on best practice established in other
continents, through the establishment of an ILP Coordinating Committee for the
Lithosphere of East Antarctica.